PIB cai pelo quinto trimestre seguido

O Brasil completa o segundo ano com a economia em queda. Pelo quinto trimestre seguido o resultado do PIB – a soma de tudo o que o Brasil produz – foi menor do que nos três meses anteriores. Isso significa que o país produz cada menos, ou seja, empobrece.

O Produto Interno Bruto (PIB) teve queda de 0,3% em comparação com os três meses anteriores, segundo dados divulgados nesta quarta-feira (1º) pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). na comparação com o mesmo período do ano passado, acumulou queda de 5,4%, a oitava queda consecutiva nesse tipo de comparação.

A queda do PIB no primeiro trimestre reflete retrações em praticamente todos os setores da economia, com destaque para Formação Bruta de Capital Fixo (investimento em bens de capital), com queda de 2,7%, na comparação com o trimestre anterior. Em seguida vem a indústria com -1,2%, a agropecuária com -0,3 e serviços com queda de 0,2%. Por sua vez, o consumo das famílias fechou com retração de 1,7%. A exceção foi o consumo do governo que fechou positivo em 1,1%.

Setores

A maior contribuição para a queda de 1,2% no setor industrial veio da indústria extrativa mineral, com retração de 1,1%, enquanto a indústria de transformação recuou 0,3% e fechou o período com o sexto resultado trimestral negativo consecutivo. Na construção, houve queda de 1%. Já nas atividades de eletricidade e gás, água, esgoto e limpeza urbana houve crescimento de 1,9%.

Em relação às despesas, o recuo de 2,7% na formação bruta de capital fixo é o décimo consecutivo nesta base de comparação. Já a despesa de consumo das famílias (-1,7%) caiu pelo quinto trimestre seguido.

No setor de serviços, a retração de 0,2% reflete o comportamento negativo do comércio (-1%), de intermediação financeira e seguros (-0,8%) e dos serviços de informação (-0,7%), justamente os que apresentaram as maiores quedas em relação ao trimestre imediatamente anterior.

No que se refere ao setor externo, as exportações de bens e serviços tiveram expansão de 6,5%, enquanto que as importações de bens e serviços recuaram 5,6%.

PIB_corrigido

Fonte: IBGE, Agência Brasil

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