Vacina contra a gripe é estendida para toda a população

O Ministério da Saúde decidiu disponibilizar a vacina contra a gripe a toda a população. Estados e municípios serão orientados a ofertar a vacina para todas as faixas etárias, a partir desta segunda (5), enquanto durarem os estoques. A medida só é válida neste ano e foi adotada porque ainda há um estoque disponível de 10 milhões.

Até esta sexta-feira (2), 41,3 milhões de pessoas do público-alvo se vacinou contra a gripe no país. O Amapá é o único estado que atingiu a meta até este momento, com 95,6% do público-alvo vacinado. No Espírito Santo a vacinação atingiu 80,07% da público-alvo. A campanha foi prorrogada para até o dia 9 de junho com o intuito de alcançar a meta de vacinação que, neste ano, é de 90%.

O ministro da Saúde ressalta que a ampliação do público na última semana da campanha ocorrerá porque ainda há doses disponíveis. “Neste ano, tivemos poucos casos por influenza devido à baixa circulação do vírus. Em consequência disso, o público-alvo procurou menos os postos de saúde. No entanto, ainda há 10 milhões de doses de um montante de 60 milhões adquiridas. Para que não haja desperdício, já que estas vacinas só valem por um ano, decidimos estender a todas as faixas etárias, enquanto durarem os estoques.”, destacou o ministro da Saúde, Ricardo Barros.

A campanha publicitária, que tem como padrinho o sambista Martinho da Vila, continua sendo veiculada em TV aberta, rádio, nos meios impresso (jornais e revistas), mídia exterior (busdoor, placas em ruas e avenidas, abrigo de ônibus, metrô), no meio online (internet e com ações nas redes sociais). Até esta sexta-feira (2), foram vacinados 41,3 milhões de brasileiros. Esse total considera todos os grupos com indicação para a vacina, incluindo população privada de liberdade, funcionários do sistema prisional e pessoas com comorbidades. A população prioritária desta campanha, que não considera esses grupos, é de 54,2 milhões de pessoas. Desse total, 76,7% foram vacinados.

A coordenadora Nacional do Programa Nacional de Imunizações do Ministério da Saúde, Carla Domingues, alerta sobre a importância do público-alvo ainda se imunizar para evitar a gripe e seus possíveis agravamentos. “É importante que a população da campanha se vacine neste período para ficar protegida quando o inverno chegar. A vacina demora 15 dias para fazer efeito no organismo, por isso o Ministério da Saúde planeja a campanha antes do inverno, período de maior circulação dos vírus da influenza”, destacou Carla Domingues.

Até o momento, nenhum grupo prioritário atingiu a meta de vacinação. Entre os públicos-alvo, os trabalhadores da saúde registraram a maior cobertura vacinal, com 3,9 milhões de doses aplicadas, o que representa 84,5% deste público, seguido pelos idosos (83,8%) e indígenas (83,6%). Os grupos que menos se vacinaram são as crianças (62,3%), gestantes (62,4%), professores (76,7%) e puérperas (83,2%). Além do grupo prioritário, também foram aplicadas 8,4 milhões de doses nos grupos de pessoas com comorbidades, população privada de liberdade e trabalhadores do sistema prisional.

Os estados com a maior cobertura de vacinação no país, até o momento, são: Amapá (95,6%), Paraná (84,9%), Santa Catarina (84,8%), Goiás (82,4%), Rio Grande do Sul (82%), e Pernambuco (81,3%). Já os estados com menor cobertura são: Roraima (60,8%), Pará (65,3%), Mato Grosso do Sul (67,8%), Mato Grosso (68,3%), Acre (68,9%), Bahia (70,9%) e Sergipe (71,5%). Entre as regiões do país, o Sul apresenta maio cobertura vacinal, com 83,7%, seguida pelas regiões Sudeste (76,6%), Centro-Oeste (75,5%); Nordeste (74,8%) e Norte (72,9%).

A vacina disponibilizada pelo Ministério da Saúde em 2015 protege contra os três subtipos do vírus da gripe determinados pela OMS para este ano (A/H1N1; A/H3N2 e influenza B). A vacina contra influenza é segura e também é considerada uma das medidas mais eficazes na prevenção de complicações e casos graves de gripe. Estudos demonstram que a vacinação pode reduzir entre 32% e 45% o número de hospitalizações por pneumonias e de 39% a 75% a mortalidade por complicações da influenza.

Como o organismo leva, em média, de duas a três semanas para criar os anticorpos que geram proteção contra a gripe após a vacinação, o ideal é realizar a imunização antes do início do inverno. O período de maior circulação da gripe vai do final de maio até agosto.

A transmissão dos vírus influenza acontece por meio do contato com secreções das vias respiratórias, eliminadas pela pessoa contaminada ao falar, tossir ou espirrar. Também ocorre por meio das mãos e objetos contaminados, quando entram em contato com mucosas (boca, olhos, nariz). À população em geral, o Ministério da Saúde orienta a adoção de cuidados simples como medida de prevenção para evitar a doença, como: lavar as mãos várias vezes ao dia; cobrir o nariz e a boca ao tossir e espirrar; evitar tocar o rosto; não compartilhar objetos de uso pessoal; além de evitar locais com aglomeração de pessoas.

É importante lembrar que, mesmo pessoas vacinadas, ao apresentarem os sintomas da gripe – especialmente se são integrantes de grupos mais vulneráveis às complicações – devem procurar, imediatamente, o médico. Os sintomas da gripe são: febre, tosse ou dor na garganta, além de outros, como dor de cabeça, dor muscular e nas articulações. Já o agravamento pode ser identificado por falta de ar, febre por mais de três dias, piora de sintomas gastrointestinais, dor muscular intensa e prostração.

Estado

Vacinação contra a gripe – até 2 de junho

População prioritária

Doses aplicadas

Cobertura vacinal (%)

RO

323.699

232.470

71,82

AC

189.009

130.237

68,91

AM

931.235

777.735

83,52

RR

166.021

100.902

60,78

PA

1.603.345

1.047.694

65,34

AP

154.717

147.901

95,59

TO

318.655

249.349

78,25

NORTE

3.686.681

2.686.288

72,86

MA

1.513.274

1.142.871

75,52

PI

699.689

511.011

73,03

CE

1.891.257

1.366.757

72,27

RN

719.521

555.550

77,21

PB

924.549

702.298

75,96

PE

2.000.443

1.625.603

81,26

AL

684.523

538.295

78,64

SE

438.746

313.692

71,50

BA

3.081.076

2.184.585

70,90

NORDESTE

11.953.078

8.940.662

74,80

MG

4.435.788

3.573.841

80,57

ES

800.243

640.742

80,07

RJ

3.829.644

2.835.110

74,03

SP

9.680.208

7.303.525

75,45

SUDESTE

18.745.883

14.353.218

76,57

PR

2.383.966

2.024.142

84,91

SC

1.371.033

1.162.785

84,81

RS

2.665.223

2.184.844

81,98

SUL

6.420.222

5.371.771

83,67

MS

635.704

430.858

67,78

MT

678.429

463.503

68,32

GO

1.301.156

1.071.999

82,39

DF

551.856

423.891

76,81

CENTRO-OESTE

3.167.145

2.390.251

75,47

TOTAL

43.973.009

33.742.190

76,73

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